iClouds - Information Dissemination in Opportunistic Networks

Today all different kinds of mobile devices (i.e. cell-phones, PDAs, smart headsets) are at a person's disposal. Nearly all these devices come with some short range wireless communication  capabilities (i.e. Bluetooth, 802.11 WiFi). Figure 1 illustrates this.


Figure 1: User with personal devices

If we now consider a group of anonymous people ad depict in Figure 2, this group may share a common goal or have a related motivation. The question arises, how to share information or resources that are arbitrarily distributed among individuals?


Figure 2: Group of users with personal devices

Taking the group of people together as a resource for information, the group forms a information cloud. The project name iClouds derives from this metaphor (cf. Figure 3).


Figure 3: iClouds metaphor

The fact that iClouds forms a network between anonymous individuals has an important impact on routing. Consider the situation in Figure 4 with A, B, and C as mobile nodes, in other words, individuals equipped with mobile devices. A is in communication range of B but not in range of C, who, on the other hand, is in communication range of B. If A wants to communicate with C, all traffic has to be routed via B. Bearing in mind that A, B, and C, a priori, do not know each other, two questions arise:

  • What is the incentive for node B to route messages between A and C? Why

    should node B be willing to donate part of his battery power to enable communication

    between A and C?

  • Why should node A and C trust and rely on node B for their communication?

    Node B could easily eavesdrop, manipulate, or just reject messages.

What is missing are incentives for users to forward messages and extra security mechanism. Thus, iClouds proposes a wireless one-hop communication scheme where only directly connected nodes exchange messages. Directly connected nodes have a greater incentive to take part in the network, since they are able to satisfy own information wishes. In addition, an incentive scheme that takes user privacy into account may be deployed on top of the basic iClouds communication mechanism (see [link to iClouds-adPASS]).


Figure 4: Multi-hop communication?

Our approach combines ideas behind Peer-to-Peer networks, i.e., users willing to contribute and consume with ideas behing pub/sub systems. We use one-hop communication to share information within a localized group . This information is augmented with constrains to control propagation. For this, iClouds introduces two basic data structures (depict in Figure 5). The iHave-list holds information a user wants to offer and the iWish-list specifies information a user is looking for.


Figure 5: Two basic data structures

These data structures build the foundation for our information dissemination protocol. For details, see our publication list.

To summarize, the iClouds project features

  • spontaneous one-hop network of humans
  • local communication in user's vicinity
    • spontaneous face-to-face meeting possible
    • no infrastructure needed
  • digital items to share
    • by interest or
    • using incentives
    • i.e., with or without financial interests
  • no a-priori need for user's attention
  • supports for small worlds: "a friend of a friend is a friend"

For more information, visit the project web site at iclouds.tk.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de

People

Scientific Advisor



Former Project Member

  • Prof. Dr. Andreas Heinemann

 

Contact

If you are interested in our work, don't hesitate to contact us.

 

Address

Darmstadt University of Technology
Department of Computer Science, Telecooperation
Hochschulstr. 10
D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany

News SST

19.04.2016

Telecooperation Lab is co-organizing the “Security & Privacy Week” 2016

The Technical University of Darmstadt is organizing the “Security & Privacy Week (SPW2016)”, July 18 – 22 2016 in Darmstadt, Germany. [more]

Category: Allgemeine News, Forschung

26.11.2014

Full paper accepted at ISGT 2015

The paper on  "Efficient, Verifiable, Secure, and Privacy-Friendly Computations for the Smart Grid" by Fábio Borges, Florian Volk, and Max Mühlhäuser was accepted in the Sixth Conference on... [more]


08.08.2014

Introducing Asymmetric DC-Nets

The short paper on "Introducing Asymmetric DC-Nets" by Fábio Borges, Johannes Buchmann, and Max Mühlhäuser was accepted in the IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). The... [more]

Category: Allgemeine News

21.07.2014

Making the Most of Customer Product Reviews accepted at CENTRIC 2014

The paper "Making the Most of Customer Product Reviews" by Florian Volk, Janette Pitzschel, and Max Mühlhäuser was accepted at the 7th International Conference on Advances in Human-oriented and Personalized Mechanisms,... [more]

Category: Allgemeine News

21.07.2014

Modeling Degrees of Fairness for Collaborations accepted at NOPE 2014

The paper "Modeling Degrees of Fairness for Collaborations" by Florian Volk, Maria Pelevina, Sheikh Mahbub Habib, Sascha Hauke, and Max Mühlhäuser was accepted at the 2nd IEEE International Workshop on Network... [more]

Category: Allgemeine News

09.07.2014

Journal Article Accepted

The paper on  "EPPP4SMS: Efficient Privacy-Preserving Protocol for Smart Metering Systems and Its Simulation Using Real-World Data" by Fábio Borges and Max Mühlhäuser was accepted to be published in IEEE... [more]

Category: Allgemeine News

09.07.2014

Full paper accepted at IEEE CNS 2014

The paper on "iKUP Keeps Users' Privacy in the Smart Grid" by Fábio Borges and Leonardo A. Martucci was accepted in the IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). The conference will take place... [more]

Category: Allgemeine News

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